Tuesday, June 18, 2013

Defining Schizophrenia

Mental illness is a disorder or medical condition of the mind. There are several types of mental illnesses, one of which is schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a term coined by Swiss Psychiatrist, Eugen Bleuler which is Greek for “split mind”. Some people believe that schizophrenia is a split personality, but it’s really an imbalance, instability of a person’s thinking or behavior. According to the Mayo Clinic, schizophrenia is defined as “a group of severe brain disorders in which people interpret reality abnormally and can result in a combination of hallucinations, delusions, and disordered thinking or behavior”. People with schizophrenia have a hard time determining what is real and what is not real, and they have a difficult time relating to other people in social situations.

Schizophrenia develops over time, and a person may only display a few of the symptoms. The age of the onset of schizophrenia varies, but usually begins in late adolescence or young adulthood. No exact cause of schizophrenia can be pinpointed, and it has been determined that men and women are affected equally by the disease. Children can also be classified as schizophrenic, but it is extremely rare. Before a child is diagnosed with schizophrenia, several tests and observations for other development disorders would first be considered. Also, a person is at a higher risk for developing schizophrenia, if they have a family member with the disease.

They are five types of schizophrenia, which include paranoid schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, catatonic schizophrenia, undifferentiated schizophrenia, and disorganized schizophrenia. People with any type of schizophrenia often display difficulty with school and work. Anxiety and depression is also associated with many types of schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder, and the person must be examined by a licensed psychiatrist, who will use various tests to make a diagnosis. After diagnosis, the best form of paranoid schizophrenia treatment will be determined by the physician.